Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online


Provides knowledge in an overall context and offers academics and other interested readers new insights into Jewish history and culture. An outstanding contribution to the understanding of Judaism and modernity.




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Acquisitions Editors


Katelyn Chin


Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

Izaak de Hulster


The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day. The encyclopedia contains overview articles that provide a readable synopsis of current knowledge of the major periods and varieties of the Hebrew language as well as thematically-organized entries which provide further information on individual topics. With over 950 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.
Features and Benefits: • Search the full text by keyword and Hebrew character set, in addition to advanced search options. • Navigate extensive cross-references via hyperlinks. • Access tertiary treatment of a wide-range of topics such as the Hebrew of various sources (texts, manuscripts, inscriptions, reading traditions), major grammatical features (phonology, morphology, and syntax), lexicon, script and paleography, theoretical linguistic approaches, etc. • Receive annual updates with new articles, images, and multimedia, in particular sound recordings, beginning the year after publication. • Benefit from a synthesis of scholarly research from Israel, Europe, North America, and Asia.
The prize-winning Encyclopaedia of Judaism is now available online. More than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words. This unique reference tool offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, it also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.
The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online is also available in print, visithttps://brill.com/ for more information [second edition].
Features and Benefits - More than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words - Combines entries on classical literature and history of Judaism with entries on contemporary issues - Advanced search options and cross-searching with other reference works under Brill Online like The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World Online
A retraction notice has been posted for one article in the second editon. The notice can be found here.

Abortion is one of the most controversial moral issues of our culture. Possibly it is the only debate in which one side often speaks of the other as “murderers of innocent people,” whereas those labeled as “killers” regard themselves as protectors of human rights and of respect for personal autonomy. Abortion, therefore, poses a serious challenge to all those attempting to practice pluralistic and multicultural ethics. In Judaism, this problem is further accentuated by the fact that in no other questions of medical ethics do contemporary Rabbinic teachings differ so much from each other as well as from teachings of Christian morality.