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Military Cabinet The bureau that handled personnel matters for the Prussian army. Created in 1883 out of the former Prussian Adjutant General’s Office, the Military Cabinet reported directly to the Kaiser. The Military Cabinet represented the last, official bastion of Prussian military absolutism. In addition to personnel matters, the War Cabinet administered honor courts and the conferring of medals and decorations. Additionally, the chief of the Military Cabinet served as the military advisor to the Kaiser. General

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Military Courts This special law jurisdiction is limited to military personnel. It provides for a host of criminal offense categories that are not included in civilian criminal law. It is noteworthy that, as in civilian jurisprudence, criminal law is handled separately from procedural law. A comprehensive modernization of the military legal system was undertaken in numerous countries in the closing years of the 19th century. During the World War, the following regulations applied in the specified warring states: in

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Military Chaplaincy (German Militärseelsorge ), collective pastoral care for soldiers and other members of the armed forces. During the World War, both Christian confessions as well as the Jewish communities organized their own military chaplaincies on the basis of the two Prussian military church regulations of 1902 ( preussische militärkirchliche Dienstordnungen ). In doing so, the German military chaplaincy underwent the greatest expansion of its entire history. The military chaplaincy was a state organization

PDF Roy, Kaushik - Military Unit Index Keywords: Indian Army Indian Army | military unit military unit | World War World War

Military Historiography, Official German Immediately after the end of the war, nearly all the states that had participated in the war began elaborating an official military historiography. These early efforts to produce standard official publications were not only a consequence of historical interest or of the wish to honor the achievements of one’s respective army, but should also be viewed in the light of the international debate on war guilt, which began with the Treaty of Versailles. Hence, the function of the

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Medals and Military Decorations Externally visible decorations recognizing particular achievements and merits. Starting with absolutist France, in the 18th and 19th centuries orders were created in all states as signs of particular attachment to the ruling house, or to reward military achievements. Their design and distribution, and the manner of wearing them, were precisely laid down in laws, statues and regulations. As a rule, decorations were given in a number of classes, the highest of which were

Military Losses (Casualties) There is little agreement in the literature as to the casualties sustained by the states that took part in the First World War. Figures vary between about 6 and about 13 million. A principle reason for the different estimates lies in the fact that definitions of the term “casualties” differ greatly. In the narrow military terminology of the time and in the specialized military literature, “casualties” frequently included all those soldiers who were no longer available to fighting units

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PDF Wolf, Susanne - Administering Military Internment: The Camps Keywords: belgian belgian | british internees british internees | Camps Camps

Social Injustice in the German Military The beginning of the First World War encouraged the longing for a sense of community, and intensified aspirations for equality and equal rights within the German nation. While these expectations heightened political and national solidarity at the beginning of the war, in the long run they led to considerable difficulties within German society. As the war drew on, social inequality in particular became a serious challenge to political order in the German Reich. Significantly

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The Military Strategy of the Central Powers The deadly shots fired in Sarajevo brought war within reach of the Central Powers’ military leadership, a war they had long anticipated through many decades of training. The German “blank check” provided Austria-Hungary with the necessary backing for a “punitive expedition” against Serbia but the danger of a Russian intervention as well. Any chance for the swift fait accompli predicted by the Germans was squandered by the lumbering progress of the political and military