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This entry introduces and briefly discusses the following questions, offering some historical context: whether space is real; whether space is reducible to ordinary objects, or vice versa; how objects are extended in space; the relation of the mind to space; and finally, the relation of God to space. ⸙

Originally introduced by T.H. Huxley as a principle constraining belief systems in general, agnosticism is now regarded specifically as a stance on theism. Different strengths of agnosticism can be identified, and of the strongest, and most interesting of these, the key questions to be asked are: whether it is rationally justified, whether it is self-defeating, and whether it is compatible with a religious outlook. ⸙