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Authoritarianism is a term closely linked to the aftermath of the Second World War, when an interdisciplinary group of scholars at the University of California at Berkeley sought both to explain the Holocaust and to consider the possibility of its recurrence in other cultures. The identification of a cluster of attitudes associated with anti-Semitism, ethonocentricism, and political economic conservatism led researchers to view these prejudices as a single ideological structure held by a particular personality type identified as the authoritarian personality. Research on authoritarian personality has continued since the 1950s. Currently, this type is identified by three characteristics: authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, and conventionalism. These traits identify the authoritarianism of followers of others who seek social dominance. The modern religious expression of authoritarianism is fundamentalism. ⸙

Ecstasy can be broadly defined as a state of ergotrophic arousal marked by increased activation of the sympathetic nervous system. It typically includes a changed sense of self that is euphorically experienced. Ecstasy can occur spontaneously in response in response to a variety of situations such as sexual intimacy and aesthetic experiences in nature. It is also reported frequently among religious persons especially in trance states. However ecstasy is triggered, a consensus of researchers believe that while the interpretations may vary widely there is an underlying commonality to this euphoric state. It can be elicited by a wide variety of chemicals under appropriate set and setting conditions. Ecstatic states continue to be encouraged in some religious traditions. Ecstasy played a major role in American Protestantism during the Great Awakenings and continues to be central in denominations that encourage speaking in tongues as evidence of Holy Spirit baptism. ⸙