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NEẒĀM-AL-MOLK
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(1018-1092), vizier of two Saljuq sultans, rose from a relatively lowly position in the bureaucracy of the provincial governor of Balḵ (Balkh) to become the de facto ruler over a vast empire, with a final apotheosis as the archetypal good vizier in the world of Islam.

SIAR AL-MOLUK
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also known as Siāsat-nāma (The book of statecraft) and Panjāh faṣl (Fifty chapters), a manual on statecraft written for the Saljuq sultan Malekšāh by his vizier Neẓām-al-Molk.

Author:

, Mīrzā Ḥasan K̲h̲ān, Persian statesman, belle-lettrist, several times cabinet member and twice prime minister, b. in Tehran April 1875, to a prominent landowning family, and d. there February 1951. His paternal grandfather, Mīrzā Muḥammad Ḳawām al-Dawla held, among other positions, the governorship of K̲h̲urāsān in 1855 and Iṣfahān in 1872, and his maternal uncle was the reformist-minded constitutionalist Mīrzā ʿAlī K̲h̲ān Amīn al-Dawla (1844-1904), chief minister to Muẓaffar al-Dīn S̲h̲āh Ḳād̲j̲ār [q.v.]. Wut̲h̲ūḳ al-Dawla’s younger brother Ḳawām al-Salṭana (1876-1954) was several times prime minister, and proved instrumental in arranging for the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān in the aftermath of the Second World War; his cousin Muḥammad Muṣaddiḳ al-Salṭana [q.v.] was prime minister during the tumultuous years of the nationalisation of Persian oil in the early 1950s.

Author:

, Mīrzā Ḥasan Ḵh̲ān, homme d’Etat persan, homme de lettres, membre du cabinet à plusieurs reprises et deux fois premier ministre, né d’une famille éminente de propriétaires terriens en avril 1875 à Téhéran où il mourut en février 1951. Son grandpère paternel, Mīrzā Muḥammad Ḳawām al-dawla occupa, entre divers autres, le poste de gouverneur du Ḵh̲urāsān en 1855 et d’Iṣfahān en 1872, et son oncle maternel était le constitutionnaliste d’esprit réformiste Mīrzā ʿAlī Ḵh̲ān Amīn al-dawla (1844-1904), principal ministre de Muẓaffar al-dīn S̲h̲āh Ḳād̲j̲ār [q.v.]. Le jeune frère de Wut̲h̲ūḳ al-dawla, Ḳawām al-Salṭana (1876-1954) fut plusieurs fois premier ministre, et son intervention fut fondamentale pour organiser le retrait des troupes soviétiques de l’Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān à la suite de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale; son cousin Mossadegh/Muḥammad Muṣaddiḳ al-Salṭana [q.v.] fut premier ministre pendant les années tumultueuses de la nationalisation du pétrole iranien au début des années 1950.