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In 2014, economic slowdown did not exert a great impact on employment under the new normal of economic deceleration and structural adjustment. Employee wages rose moderately and the remuneration of the executives of the state-owned enterprises was controlled. The extended collection and payment of social insurance was promoted steadily and the social security appeals of employees increased markedly. Occupational safety was generally stable and better. The philosophy of putting people first gave rise to new law for work safety. Labor disputes increased steadily and mass incidents soared. Progress and predicament coexisted in the improvement in the occupational skills of migrant workers, the safeguarding of their rights and interests and urbanization. With regards to the coordination of collective labor relations, All-China Federation of Trade Unions pushed ahead with the direct democratic election of chairmen of grassroots trade unions, and the focus of collective consultation shifted to industrial consultation, and preliminary results were achieved in standardizing labor dispatching. Intensified economic restructuring led to issues concerning the safeguarding of workers’ rights and interests becoming more prominent, including corporate restructuring, relocation, change in equity, and layoffs in the transition. This paper looks at the closure of Changde Wal-Mart, and provides an overview of the current safeguards of workers’ rights and interests in place, applicable laws, and problems in the corporate restructuring, and offers the suggestions for improvement.

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In The China Society Yearbook, Volume 3 | ISBN: 9789004173507  Key words: laborer, labor relations, labor security legislation, laborer sector, labor dispute, trade union, system reform  In China, the labor relation coordination system was established based on a labor policy in which national policy and legislation protecting laborers' rights and interests is given priority and the voluntary gathering and exercising of personal rights on the part of the laborers is auxiliary. Since human-oriente...

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Recently the structure and reform model for labor relations has shifted from the previous planned economy system, to a market economy system resulting in significant changes in China's labor relations. Three subjects on this topic are covered in this paper: first, the establishment and features of China's labor relations under the planned economy system; second, the impact the economic transition has had on labor relations from the start of the reforms to the present; and third, the main focus of this paper is a summary of the primary characteristics of China's current labor relations.

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In Chinese Research Perspectives on Society, Volume 1 | ISBN: 9789004246232  In 2010, the Chinese economy was recovering strongly. In the first three quarters, the gross domestic product (GDP) was RMB 26.9 trillion, calculated according to the purchasing price parity, grew 10.6 percent over the previous year, and by 2.5 percent over 2009. See the press conference of the State Council Information Office introducing economic operations in the first three quarters of 2010, www.xinhuanet.com, Octobe...

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In The China Society Yearbook, Volume 5 | ISBN: 9789004182509  After experiencing the deceleration of GDP growth at the beginning of 2009, the Chinese economy is gradually recovering. GDP was 21,781.7 billion yuan in the first three quarters of 2009, which grew 7.7% from the previous year if calculated according to comparable price, and sped up 0.6 percentage points from the first half year. In terms of various quarters, it grew 6.1% in the first quarter, 7.9% in the second quarter, and 8.9% in ...

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The right to organise generally means the right of labour to create a temporary or permanent organisation whose fundamental aim is to improve their employment and working conditions. It specifically refers to the right of labour to organise and participate in trade unions. The term is either broadly defined as the right of workers to organise a trade union and defend their interests through collective bargaining and labour disputes via the trade union, typically including the rights to organise the union, to bargain collectively, and to dispute and strike, namely the so-called “triple rights of labour”, or narrowly defined as the right to organise trade unions.

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In 2015, against the backdrop of economic slowdown, the situation of worker employment was stable, but there were new destabilizing factors; workers’ wages increased markedly, but new wage arrears occurred; the endowment insurance system was reformed at state organs and public institutions, the basic pension for workers was about to be pooled at the national level; occupational safety continued to be stable and better; extra serious accidents suggest that potential safety hazards still existed in a widespread manner; labor disputes soared, mass incidents relating to labor disputes remained at a high level. This chapter presents the outlook for the tendency of the disappearance of labor dividends during the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan from five perspectives: labor aging will take place; the new labor force will be subject to the impact from sub-replacement fertility; labor costs will increase sharply; early retirement of middle-aged and old-age workers and the postponement of the age at which young workers start working will occur at the same time; the safeguarding of workers’ rights and interests will still need to be strengthened.

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In the context of the supply-side structural reform and economic downturn in 2016, the number of employees rose steadily, but structural contradictions became increasingly prominent; the wage of employees increased in a steady manner, and the State Council issued documents to comprehensively manage the arrears of wages; the contribution rate of social insurances was reduced in stages, and the policy of delayed retirement of employees was just around the corner; occupational safety continued to improve steadily, and the Law on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases was hastily revised to remove two barriers of occupational disease prevention; labor disputes occurred frequently, but the number of mass incidents dropped. New progress has been made in the trade union reform: reconstructing the orientation of the functions of trade unions at all levels, optimization of the framework for the organizational system, promotion of the diversification of cadre teams, the combination of the selection system with full-time, subordinate and part-time positions, implementation of the work system with workers as subjects and the expansion of new areas of trade union work in the direction of networking and socialization, etc. Finally, this report analyzes the labor policies in supply-side reform, namely, deregulation and increased labor market flexibility.

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Abstract China’s economic growth slowed in 2012, but the employment situation was not severely affected. Wages continued to grow, and income distribution reform plans will soon be issued. Progress has been smooth in increasing the coverage of and collecting payments for workers’ social insurance, and we have basically achieved a full coverage of urban-rural residents’ pension insurance. Overall employment safety for workers has stabilized, and new labor protection laws are constantly issued. There has been a stable growth to labor disputes, and “new workers” and “new blue-collar” workers now constitute the principal force of China’s labor. At the same time, there has been a new progress in collective labor relations and regulations and institutions, and the focus of which has been on driving industry collective bargaining. Revisions to the Labor Contract Law will soon be issued, placing rigorous controls on labor dispatching. Overall, reversals in supply and demand on labor markets and policies for establishing harmonious labor relations are gradually beginning to make an effect. They are the two major reasons behind the stability in China’s labor relations.

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Under the historical direction of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new age in 2017, the employment of workers improved steadily, and the unemployment rate reached the lowest point since the financial crisis. The salaries of workers increased stably. The State Council made greater efforts to deal with salary payments that were in arrears. The social security system basically covered all qualified persons in order to promote the integration of pension insurance throughout the country. Safety in the workplace developed positively and the opinion of the central government indicated the developmental direction regarding this aspect. The total number of labor disputes and the number of people involved decreased, but it was still at the highest historical level. According to the 8th Survey of Employees’ Working Conditions, the new generation of migrant workers had become the major workforce and had a higher educational background. The Internet had become an important space for them to obtain information and conduct social interactions, changing their living and working styles. In the Reform Plan for the Construction of the Industrial Labor Force in the New Age, the goal to improve the overall quality of the labor force led to a strategic task to establish a labor force with knowledge, skills, and innovations. In this report, we have for the first time analyzed the influence of the sharing economy on the employment relationship and new styles of working.