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This article gives an overview of sensory, bodily, ritual, and aesthetic dimensions of perception and how they interact with other cultural systems which organize, encode, and discipline perception and the senses. An aesthetic approach to religion allows an innovative view of well-researched and new topics and offers analytical categories for comparison in the study of religion. Furthermore, consideration is given to the question of to what extent aestheticization can be identified as a driving force within modernization processes and the changes of religion in modernity. ⸙

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Era 1: Late Antiquity: Paganism as formation of reaction to Christendom 253–268 Under the influence of his mentor Plotinus, Emperor Gallienus fosters Greek philosophy and the Mysteries of Eleusis Egypto-Greek philosopher Plotinus (205–270) develops the Platonic teaching to the religio-philosophical system of “Neoplatonism.” 361–363 (reg.) Emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus (Julian the Apostate) After a personal, philosophically grounded conversion, Julian fosters the Greco-Roman religion at the cost of Christianity (reconstruction of temples), lecturing privileges for pagan rhetors, pamphlet Against