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Beliefs seem to be a conspicuous element of religion, but what does it mean to believe anything, not just something religious? After presenting the characterization of belief as a specific propositional attitude, this article considers two distinct accounts of belief: representationalism and dispositionalism. The differences between religious beliefs and “ordinary” beliefs are then outlined, and issues concerning the nature and justification of religious belief are addressed. Finally, there is a consderation of debates over the definition of religion and over the place of belief in the definition.  ⸙