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Abbreviations (Vol 18, 2021)

in Africa Yearbook Online

(650 words)

See also 'List of Abbreviations' in 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2022.

Contents Volume 18, 2021.

acp — African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of Countries (Lomé/Cotonou Agreement)

AfCFTA — African Continental Free Trade Area

AfDB — African Development Bank (Tunis)

agoa — African Growth and Opportunity Act

ai — Amnesty International

aprm — African Peer Review Mechanism

arvs — antiretrovirals

au — African Union (Addis Ababa)

aueom — African Union Election Observer Mission

bceao — Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Dakar)

beac — Banque des Etats de l’Afrique Centrale (Yaoundé)

brics — Brazil, India, Russia, China, and South Africa

car — Central African Republic

cblt — Commission du Bassin du Lac Tchad (N’Djaména)

ceeac — Communauté Economique des Etats de l’Afrique Centrale (Libreville) = eccas

cemac — Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale

cen-sad — Community of Sahel-Saharan States (Tripoli)

CFAfr — Franc de la Communauté Financière Africaine (bceao; beac)

comesa — Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Lusaka)

cpi — consumer price index

cplp — Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa

cso — civil society organisation

drc — Democratic Republic of the Congo

eac — East African Community

eca — Economic Commission for Africa (United Nations; Addis Ababa)

eccas — Economic Community of Central African States (Libreville)

ecf — Extended Credit Facility (imf)

ecowas — Economic Community of West African States (Abuja)

edf — European Development Fund (Brussels)

eib — European Investment Bank (Luxemburg)

eiti — Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

eiu — Economist Intelligence Unit

epa — Economic Partnership Agreement

EU — European Union (Brussels)

fao — Food and Agricultural Organization (Rome)

fdi — foreign direct investment

focac — Forum on China–Africa Cooperation

fpe — Free Primary Education

fta — free-trade area

gdp — Gross Domestic Product

gecf — Gas Exporting Countries Forum

hdi — Human Development Index (undp)

hipc — Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative

hrw — Human Rights Watch

icc — International Criminal Court

icglr — International Conference on the Great Lakes Region

icj — International Court of Justice

ict — information and communications technology

ida — International Development Association (Washington)

idp — internally displaced person

ied — improvised explosive device

ifad — International Fund for Agricultural Development

ifc — International Finance Corporation (Washington)

igad — Intergovernmental Authority on Development (Djibouti)

ilo — International Labour Organization (Geneva)

imf — International Monetary Fund (Washington)

ioc — Indian Ocean Commission (Quatre Bornes)

iom — International Organization for Migration

isgs — Islamic State in the Greater Sahara

isil — Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant

isis — Islamic State in Iraq and Syria

iswa — Islamic State in West Africa

lng — liquified natural gas

MoU — memorandum of understanding

nato — North Atlantic Treaty Organization

nepad — New Partnership for Africa’s Development

ngo — non-governmental organisation

oau — Organization of African Unity

ocha — United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

oda — official development assistance

oecd — Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris)

oic — Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

oif — L’Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie

opec — Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Vienna)

pida — Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa

ppp — Purchasing Power Parity

sacu — Southern African Customs Union (Pretoria)

sadc — Southern African Development Community (Gaborone)

sapp — Southern Africa Power Pool

sdgs — Sustainable Development Goals

ssa — sub-Saharan Africa

ti — Transparency International

uae — United Arab Emirates

uemoa — Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine (Ouagadougou)

uhc — universal health coverage

UK — United Kingdom

UN — United Nations (New York)

undp — United Nations Development Programme (New York)

unesco — United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Paris)

unga — United Nations General Assembly

unhcr — United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Geneva)

unhrc — United Nations Human Rights Council

unicef — United Nations Children’s Fund (New York)

unocha — United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

unsc — United Nations Security Council

unsg — United Nations secretary general

US — United States

usaid — United States Agency for International Development (Washington)

waemu — West African Economic and Monetary Union

wef — World Economic Forum

wfp — World Food Programme (Rome)

who — World Health Organisation (Geneva)

wto — World Trade Organisation (Geneva)

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