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Helio Carpintero
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(3,730 words)

Behaviorism is a psychological movement of the twentieth century defining psychology as the scientific study of behavior. It rejects as unscientific all the concepts related to subjective phenomena, such as mind and consciousness, and any type of introspective methodology. Its development has been frequently described as a paradigm change. The discipline was conceived as a natural science, looking for objective and intersubjective knowledge, based on observation and experimentation, and using quantitative techniques as much as possible. The new school made no distinction between animal and human behavior, considering both as the result of the general process of life evolution. Its difficulties in addressing some specific human traits, such as language, led to the development of a substitute paradigm, the cognitive, that determined the decline of the movement. The main behaviorist theses on the questions of learning, motivation, and higher processes, as well as their approaches to social topics and applied intervention, are here considered. ⸙

Vocabulary for the Study of Religion Online

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