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Ralph W. Hood Jr.
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(1,338 words)

Authoritarianism is a term closely linked to the aftermath of the Second World War, when an interdisciplinary group of scholars at the University of California at Berkeley sought both to explain the Holocaust and to consider the possibility of its recurrence in other cultures. The identification of a cluster of attitudes associated with anti-Semitism, ethonocentricism, and political economic conservatism led researchers to view these prejudices as a single ideological structure held by a particular personality type identified as the authoritarian personality. Research on authoritarian personality has continued since the 1950s. Currently, this type is identified by three characteristics: authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, and conventionalism. These traits identify the authoritarianism of followers of others who seek social dominance. The modern religious expression of authoritarianism is fundamentalism. ⸙

Vocabulary for the Study of Religion Online

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