Radiating Impact of WTO on Its Members’ Legal System: The Chinese Perspective (Volume 349)

in The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online / Recueil des cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne
Guiguo Wang
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(101,980 words)

ABSTRACTThe World Trade Organization (“WTO”) resulted from globalization, through which national law provisions are internationalized and international norms are domesticated. The WTO does not permit reservation by its members who are obliged to ensure the compliance of their laws, policies and other measures. Once a member is found to have violated its obligations, it must rectify the non-compliance measures to avoid retaliation. The quasi-automatic approval procedure of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body has proved to be effective in ensuring the compliance by members and consistency of interpretation of the WTO Agreement. As the multilateral trade institution covers a wide range of sectors from trade in goods and services, and intellectual property to investment and the measures of the members include laws and regulations, administrative decisions and judicial rulings, the impacts of the WTO on the members’ legal systems are hugely profound and long lasting. In some cases, for the purpose of joining the WTO, the legal systems of the members concerned have been through significant changes.

Pour ce cours consacré à l'impact de l'OMC sur les systèmes juridiques de ses membres, M. Guiguo Wang, Professeur à la City University of Hong Kong, part de l'idée que l'Organisation mondiale du commerce résulte directement de la mondialisation. L'expression, la nature et les caractéristique de ses règles sont celles des normes contemporaines internationales du monde globalisé. Dans son cours, M. Guiguo utilise les normes de l'OMC pour illustrer les principales caractéristiques des règles internationales contemporaines, prévoir la direction de leur développement, et proposer certaines alternatives qui lui apparaissent nécessaires. M. Guiguo étudie ainsi successivement le droit de la mondialisation, les caractéristiques propres à l'OMC, les règles relatives aux services et leur mise en place, celles relatives à la propriété intellectuelle, et les directions empruntées par le système commercial multilatéral.

The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online / Recueil des cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne

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