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A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law (Volume 342)

in The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online / Recueil des cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne
Author:
Onuma Yasuaki
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(130,885 words)

ABSTRACTThe twenty-first century will witness conflicts which may destabilize the international order. These conflicts are likely to arise between emerging Asian States such as China and India whose material power is growing, and the Western nations who wield significant ideational power. A West-centric international society will change to a multi-polar and multi-civilizational global society. This structural change includes, and further needs, changes of understandings and perceptions of the world, including of international law. The perspectives from which we see, understand, appreciate and assess international law must change. We need to interpret international law not only from a prevalent Statecentric international perspective and Westcentric transnational perspective. Onuma argues that we must grasp international law from what he calls a trans-civilizational perspective as well. By adopting such three-layered perspectives, international law is shown to be functioning as a tool of politics yet constrained by cultural and civilizational factors. Such complex subjects as global history of international law, concepts of general and customary international law, and human rights could be appreciated in a more nuanced and subtle manner.

Onuma Yasuaki relève que ce que l'on tient pour acquis ne va pas de soi lorsque l'on approfondit la question que l'on considère. Le doute est une vertu, écrit-elle en citant Kaiho Seiryo, un penseur japonais du 18e siècle. En mettant en doute nos propres schémas cognitifs et en les superposant à d'autres perspectives, nous pouvons découvrir un nouvel horizon ou une autre manière de voir le monde. Le Professeur Onuma Yasuaki propose ainsi que l'on passe d'une vision du droit international centrée sur l’État et l'Occident à une vision multipolaire et multi-civilisationnelle. Le Professeur Onuma Yasuaki revisite ensuite les principaux thèmes du droit international depuis cette perspective.

Author:
The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online / Recueil des cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne

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