Emilie Savage-Smith
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(2,465 words)

(a.), a technical term for anatomy. Early dictionaries give only two meanings: the cutting of flesh from the bones and slicing it very thin prior to cooking (referring to preparation of animal meat for food), and the expounding upon a question and thus exposing an obscurity (e.g. √LA, s̲h̲-r-ḥ ); in the second sense it is similar to s̲h̲arḥ [q.v.]. The medical definition occurs in later lexicons (e.g. Ḥād̲j̲d̲j̲ī K̲h̲alīfa, i, cols. 408-9; Tahānawī, Kas̲h̲s̲h̲āf iṣṭilāḥāt al-funūn , Calcutta 1853-62, 735) where it is used for both anatomy as a description of the human body and for the empirical science of dissection.

Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition Online (EI-2 English)

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