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Christine Dobbin
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(1,412 words)

, the name of a major Islamic revivalist movement in Minangkabau [q.v.], Sumatra, 1803-38. The appellation Padri is derived from orang Pidari “men of Pedir (Pidië)”, in reference to those who made the pilgrimage to Mecca by way of the Atjèhnese port of Pidië. The Padri built on earlier Minangkabau reform movements initiated by the two major Ṣūfī tarekat which had been the instrument for converting the central highlands of Sumatra, the Naksyabandiyah (Naḳs̲h̲bandiyya [q.v.]) and the Syattariyah (S̲h̲aṭṭāriyya [q.v.]). Operating by the late 18th century in a society which was only very partially Islamicised, these tarekat flourished around surau or centres for religious studies which attracted hundreds of students from throughout Minangkabau.

Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition Online (EI-2 English)

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