Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online

Editors-in-Chief: and
The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics represents a unique collaboration of a few hundred scholars from around the world and covers all relevant aspects of the study of Arabic and deals with all levels of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, mixed varieties of Arabic). No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (EALL Online) contains all content of the print edition and new content has been added on a regular basis. New articles were elaborations or updates of themes already discussed in the EALL, or are new entries that are relevant to the field.
The EALL Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches to be as objective and versatile as possible. The online edition is cross-searchable, cross-referenced and regularly updated. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of linguistics, Islamic studies, Arabic literature and other related fields. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is also available in print, visit for more information.

Features and Benefits
- Over 500 entries
- Over 300 contributors
- Over 2.1 million words
- Full-text searchable and advanced searchability
- Browsable index
- Fully Unicode compliant, to facilitate the display of foreign languages
- A high-quality linguistic reference work
- A unique and widely respected authoritative source in the field
- Covers all relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific

Please contact our sales team for more information on prices and licensing.

Add to Cart

Index Letter A

Index Letter B

Index Letter C

Index Letter D

Index Letter E

Index Letter F

Index Letter G

Index Letter H

Index Letter I

Index Letter J

Index Letter K

Index Letter L

Index Letter M

Index Letter N

Index Letter O

Index Letter P

Index Letter Q

Index Letter R

Index Letter S

Index Letter T

Index Letter U

Index Letter V

Index Letter W

Index Letter X

Index Letter Y

Index Letter Z

Editors-in-Chief: and
Original Editors of Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics
General Editor: Kees Versteegh
Associate Editors: Mushira Eid, Alaa Elgibali, Manfred Woidich, Andrzej Zaborski

Continuing Editors of Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (Online)
General Editors:
Lutz Edzard, Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen
Rudolf de Jong, Nederlands-Vlaams Instituut Cairo

Associate Editors:
Ramzi Baalbaki, American University of Beirut
James Dickins, University of Leeds
Mushira Eid, The University of Utah
Pierre Larcher, Aix-Marseille University
Janet Watson, University of Salford

Advisory Board:
Elabbas Benmamoun, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Clive Holes, University of Oxford
Alaa Elgibali, University of Maryland
Paul Kiparsky, University of Stanford
Jérôme Lentin, INALCO, Paris
Jamal Ouhalla, University College Dublin
Jan Retsö, University of Gothenburg
Sabah Safi, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Kees Versteegh, University of Nijmegen
Enam al-Wer, University of Essex
Manfred Woidich, University of Amsterdam
Andrej Zaborksi, Cracow
An essential reference tool for students and researchers in the fields of Linguistics, Arabic Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Islamic Studies, and related fields.
Lutz Edzard, Ph.D. (1992), is professor of Semitic linguistics at the University of Oslo. He has published on issues in Arabic, Hebrew, and comparative Semitic linguistics, as well as on diplomatic documents in Semitic languages.
Rudolf E. de Jong, Ph.D. (1999), is a teacher of Arabic language and linguistics at the University of Amsterdam and Leiden University. He has published on dialectology of Arabic, including two volumes on the Bedouin dialects of the Sinai Desert (Leiden, 2000 and 2011).
"The mere appearance of the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (EALL) on the scene carries huge importance for linguists working with Arabic, but also for scholars from other disciplines like Islamic studies, Arabic literature, social sciences, as well as general linguists, whose research cross paths with Arabic linguistics [..] The strength of the EALL as a reference tool is that it brings together notions and terms from different disciplines (classical grammatical theory, modern linguistic theory), and different eras (pre-classical, classical, modern). By weaving together a wide variety of terms, the end product achieves a degree of disciplinary integration that remains illusive for reference works limited to one theoretical framework [..] The EALL lives up to its claim to offering a framework within which data on all varieties of Arabic and different types of analyses can be drawn together from different parts of the globe in order to improve the propagation of knowledge regarding one of the world's key languages [..] Incorporated in the EALL are sketches of more than 40 dialects described according to a predetermined format, which allows the user to make quick cross-dialectical comparison." - in: Linguist List, 20 July 2010
"Rarely have I been so profoundly impressed by a work of collective scholarship, virtually beyond criticism in every respect. Contributions and editing alike are of exceptional quality, and its value embraces lay readers (who will find it readable, often amusing), serious students (who will make progress), and denizens of ivory towers (who will wish they had written part or whole). A brilliant contribution to knowledge, destined to be a benchmark for future research and popularisation. Recommended without reservation to all academic libraries. To quote the greetings article in Arabic: 'ahlan!, 'ahlan!" - H.G.A. Hughes, in: Reference Reviews 21/6 (2007)